Video and text
Listening and speaking
Question: Your classmate Xiao Wang is still in bed. Ask him
why, if the class is about to start, he is still in bed!
1 Use 快 要 ...了 for imminent actions
Hint 2 Use ... 在 V ... 呢 for progressive aspect
Answer 快 要 上 课 了 ， 你 怎 么 还 在 睡 觉 呢 。 Listen
Comments Alternatively: 就 要 上 课 了 ， 你 怎 么 还 睡 呢
jiù yào shàng kè le, nĭ zěnme hái shuì ne.
The sentence patterns for imminent actions are as follows 1. 要 ...
2. 快 要 ... 了
kuài yào…le; 3. 就 要 ... 了
jiù yào...le. The elements which can be placed between 要 and 了 are V-O patterns, such as: 要 上 课 了
yào shàng kè le
it's about time to start the lesson; 要 吃 饭 了
yào chī fàn le it's about time to eat the meal; and 快 要 下 班
kuài yào xià bān le
it's about time to finish the shift. The elements which can be placed between 1 快...了
kuài…le; 2 快 要...了
kuài yào…le; and 3 就 要 ...了
jiù yào...le are time words, such as: 快 十 点了
kuài shí diăn le it's about 10 o'clock; 快 三 月了kuài
sān yuè le it's nearly March; and 快 春 天 了
kuài chūn tiān le it's nearly