A reporter from Xinhua News Agency is interviewing an UN
officer at its Economic and Social Council regarding aspects of globalization.
You are their interpreter.
Taking education and life expectancy into account, the picture emerges actually suggests that the gap may have narrowed in the long-term. However, it is also noticed that the quality of life for many has not improved, which has brought new urgency to policies specially designed to alleviate poverty.
Changes from industrial economy to more service-oriented and shift toward more highly skilled jobs would be taking place with or without globalization. In fact, globalization is actually making this process easier and less costly as a whole. Economic growth, employment and living standards are all higher than they would be in a closed economy.
Countries with a strong growth record, pursuing the right policies, can expect to see a sustained reduction in poverty. And if pro-poor policies are pursued, then there is a better chance that growth will be amplified into more rapid poverty reduction.
I think advanced economies can make a vital contribution to the low-income countries efforts to integrate into the global economy by promoting trade, encouraging flows of private capital and by supplementing more rapid debt relief.