基因                jīyīn                        gene

纽卡斯尔       Niǔkǎsīěr                Newcastle

荷兰                Hln                     the Netherlands

意大利           Ydl                      Italy

西班牙           Xībāny                  Spain

瑞典                Rudiǎn                  Sweden

标本                biāoběn                 specimen; sample