3rd Year Week 7 TT05
Topic: Drinking and Drug problems in Our Society
Translate the following into Chinese
Youth Drinking Spells Later Alcohol Problems
Girls Beginning to Drink as Early and Boys
Researchers with the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions have quantified the increased risk of having a drinking problem as an adult faced by individuals who start drinking alcohol as adolescents.
The likelihood of alcohol abuse or dependence later in life increases by 12 percent for each year of decrease in the age at first drink for both men and women, they reported in the September 2004 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.
They also reported that the earlier an individual began drinking alcohol, the greater the degree of alcohol intoxication experienced routinely on typical drinking occasions in adulthood.
The national telephone survey revealed that men and lifetime problem drinkers reported consuming their first alcoholic drink (other than just a taste) at an earlier age than women or non-problem drinkers respectively.
"We believe that these findings strengthen the argument for identifying individuals who begin drinking at young ages and targeting them for possible prevention efforts," explained James York, Ph.D., lead investigator on the study.
"The finding of higher and significant correlations between age at first drink and lifetime drinking issues probably reflects the operation of a variety of variables contributing to problem drinking, rather than a direct causal relationship between the age at first drink and later problems."
Drinking Gender Gap Closing
Data for the study were drawn from a national telephone survey of 2,276 people (981 men and 1,295 women) between the ages of 18 and 91 who reported how old they were when they had their first drink. The age and race/ethnicity distribution of the sample was similar to that in the general population.
York said women reported taking their first drink at about age 18, while men reported starting to drink at about age16.
Supporting the view that women are becoming more like men in their drinking habits, the study showed that the age at first drink was more similar for young men and women than for older age groupings by gender. In addition, the prevalence of current drinking (had a drink during past 12 months) was closer for women (67 percent) and men (73.4 percent) in this study than reported in earlier studies.