Lesson Seventeen B
I am really happy
We have learned yŏu有 have, there is/are in Lesson 3. But in this lesson, yŏu有is used in the comparative construction to indicate that something is as (stative verb) as something else. For instance,
a. zhèli yŏu nàil lĕng ma ?
这里 有 那里 冷 吗 ？
here as there cold MA?
Is this place as cold as that place?
The answers should be yŏu 有yes or méiyou 没有no.
b. nĭde nǚ péngyou yŏu tā de nǚ péngyou hăo ma ?
你的 女 朋友 有 他的 女朋友 好 吗 ？
your girlfriend as his girlfriend good MA?
Is your girl friend as good as his?
The answers are yŏu 有yes, or méiyou 有no.
Translate the following into English.
wŏ méi you lăoshī máng .
我 没 有 老师 忙 。
nĭ méi yŏu shuí máng ?
你 没 有 谁 忙 ？
in advance report
[indicates sth. is going to take place]
We have learned yào 要 in Lesson 5 as want. However, yào要in this lesson is used as a modal verb. A modal verbs is like an auxiliary verb and is placed before main verbs. It indicates that something is going to take place soon.
wŏ sān diăn yào kàn Zhào lăoshī . nĭyĕ qu ma ?
我三 点 要 看 赵 老师。你 也 去 吗？
I three o’clock are going to see Zhao teacher you also go MA
I am going to see Teacher Zhao at 3 o’clock. Are you going too?
This is a V-O pattern phrase. In fact, xià 下 means to fall and yŭ 雨means rain. To snow is xià下 fall + xuĕ雪snow.
It is used as a modal verb and is placed before a verb to indicate something must be done.
xiànzài shì wănshang 10 diăn le, wŏ dĕi zŏu le .
现在 是 晚上 十点 了，我 得 走 了。
now is evening 10 o’clock LE, I have to go LE
Now it is 10 p.m., I must go.
wŏ dĕi qù chīfàn.
我得 去 吃饭 。
I have to go eat meal
I must go for dinner.
[a sigh of sadness or regret]
It is an interjection. It implies tone of unwillingness.
Can you remember all the words that we have just learned? Let’ listen to the today’s dialogue and see how much you can understand.
wéikăi, wŏ zhēn gāoxìng. jīntiān tiānqi bĭ zuótiān hăo.
维凯，我 真 高兴。 今天 天气 比 昨天 好！
Vicky I really happy Today weather BI yesterday good
Vicky, I am really happy. Today’s weather is better than yesterday.
b. shì. jīntiān shì qíngtiān. tàiyang chūlai le.
是。今天 是 晴天， 太阳 出 来了。
yes, today is fine day, sun out come LE
Yes. It is sunny today. The sun has come out.
dànshi, zhèli gēn Bĕijīng bù yí yàng. tiānqi jīngcháng biànhuà.
但是，这里 跟 北京 不 一样。 天气 经常 变化。
but, here with Beijing not same weather often change
The weather here is different from Beijing and it is often changeable.
a. zhèli yĕ yŏu chūn, xià, qiū, dōng sì jì ma ?
这里也 有 春, 夏, 秋, 冬 四 季 吗？
here also has spring, summer, autumn winter four season MA
Are there four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter here?
b. yŏu. dànshi zhèli de dōngtiān méiyou Bĕijīng lĕng.
有。但是 这里 的 冬天 没有 北京 冷。
yes, but here DE winter not Beijing cold
Yes, but it’s not as cold as it in Beijing.
a. jīnnián dōngtiān wŏ zài zhèli. tiānqi bù lĕng , nà tài hăo le.
今年 冬天 我 在 这里。天气 不 冷， 那 太 好 了。
this year winter I am here weather not cold, that extremely good
I’ll be here this winter. It’s great, if it isn’t cold.
b Wáng Yīng, nĭ tīng tiānqi yùbào le ma ?
王 英， 你 听 天气 预报 了 吗？
Wang Ying, you listen weather forecast LE MA
Wang Ying, have you heard the weather forecast?
a. méi tīng . zĕmeyàng ?
没 听。 怎么样？
not listen. how
No, what is it?
b. xiàwŭ yào xià yŭ .
下午 要 下 雨。
afternoon will fall rain
It is going to rain in the afternoon.
a. ài. wŏ dĕi ná yŭsăn .
唉，我 得 拿 雨伞。
Oh, I have to bring rain umbrella
Oh, I have to bring an umbrella.
1. Repeat after me the above dialogue and prepare to answer the following questions.
1. Wéikăi wèi shénme gāoxìng ?
维凯 为 什么 高兴 ？
2. jīntian tiānqi zĕnmeyàng ?
今天 天气 怎么样？
3. zhèli de tiānqi gēn Bĕijīng yíyàng ma ?
这里 的 天气 跟 北京 一样 吗？
4. năli de tiānqi jīngcháng biànhuà?
哪里 的 天气 经常 变化 ？
5. sìjì shi shénme ?
四季 是 什么 ？
6. dōngtiān, Bĕijīng lĕng háishi zhèli lĕng ?
冬天， 北京 冷 还是 这里 冷？
7. jīnnián dōngtiān , Wáng Yīng zài zhèli ma ?
今年 冬天 ， 王 英 在 这里 吗 ？
2. Listen to the tape and read the dialogue and pay attention to the tones and the sounds you feel hard to pronounce well.
3. Talk about the weather in your hometown in Chinese to your classmates.
Part one: new words
|19.||爱||ài||Oh (a sigh of sadness or regret)|
|20.||得||děi||have to, must|
Part two: expressions
|A||today weather compare yesterday good||Today’s weather is better than yesterday.|
|B||here’s winter not Beijing cold||It’s not as cold as it in Beijing.|
|C||this BEN dictionary and that BEN dictionary same||This dictionary and that dictionary are the same.|
|D||Beijing and London not same||Beijing is not the same as London.|
Part three: conversation
|a.||Vicky I really happy today weather BI yesterday good||Vicky, I am really happy. Today’s weather is better than yesterday.|
|b.||yes today is sunny day sun come out LE||Yes. It is sunny today. The sun has come out.|
|but here and Beijing not same weather often change||The weather here is different from Beijing and it is often changeable.|
|a.||here also has spring summer autumn winter four seasons MA||Are there four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter here?|
|b.||there are, but here’s winter not Beijing cold||Yes, but it’s not as cold as it in Beijing.|
|a.||this year winter I am in here weather not cold then extremely good LE||I’ll be here this winter. It’s great, if it isn’t cold.|
|b.||Wang Ying you listen weather forecast LE MA||Wang Ying, have you heard the weather forecast?|
|a.||haven’t listen how||No, what is it?|
|b.||afternoon will rain||It is going to rain in the afternoon.|
|a.||Oh I have to take umbrella||Oh, I have to bring an umbrella.|