Is Mr Wáng Qiáng in
We have learned the words for year, month and date in Chinese, but we may have to learn more time words if we have to make an appointment to see somebody.
你 是 彼得 吗？
nǐ shì bǐdé ma ？
you are Peter MA
Are you Peter?
他们 要 这 个 吗？
tāmen yào zhè gè ma ？
they want this GE MA
Would they want this one?
你们 知道 吗？
nǐmen zhīdào ma ？
you know MA
Do you know?
a. 王 强 在 家 吗？
Wáng Qiáng zài jiā ma
Wang Qiang is at home MA
Is Wang Qiang at home?
b. 在 家， 他 爸爸 不 在 家。
zài jiā, tā bàba bú zài jiā
is at home, his father not be at home
Yes, he is, but his father is not at home.
a. 他 爸爸 在 哪儿？
tā bàba zài nǎr
his father is at where
Where is his father?
王Wang is a surname and 强 Qiang is a given name. A surname is followed by a given name in Chinese. A title such as 先生Mr is place after a name or surname as in 王强先生 Wang Qiang Mr. Try to say the following names.
Chairman Mao Zedong
Mr. Deng Xiaoping
Premier Wang Qiang
Miss Zhang Lingling.
就is used to emphasize 是the verb to be in the following sentences.
a. 我 就 是 王 强。
wǒ jiù shì Wáng Qiáng
I just am Wang Qiang
I am Wang Qiang.
b. 我 就 要 这 个。
wǒ jiù yào zhè ge
I just want this GE
I just want this one ( but not any other ones).
有事 yǒu shì have matter (to attend). ( I ) have got matters to attend to/ things to do.
a. 有 什么 事 ？
yǒu shénme shì
have what matters
What is the matter?
b. 没 事
not have matters
想xiǎng intend to is placed before the main verb of a sentence and is used as a modal verb, as indicated in the following sentences.
a. a. 他 想 去 北京。
tā xiǎng qù Běijīng
he intend to go Beijing
He would like to go to Beijing.
b. 你 想 问 什么 ？
nǐ xiǎng wèn shénme
you intend to ask what
What would you like to ask?
We have learned 请问 which means may I ask …. or excuse me as a set phrase, but 请qǐng can also be used as a verb.
a. 我 请 你 吃饭。
wǒ qǐng nǐ chī fàn
I invite you eat meal
I would like to invite you for a meal.
b. 谁 请 你 哥哥 ？
shéi qǐng nǐ gēge
who invite your older brother
Who is inviting your older brother?
a. 这个 星期
zhè ge xīngqī
this GE week
c. 星期 三
Other weekdays are:
Monday (in Chinese is) week one
Tuesday (in Chinese is) week two
Thursday (in Chinese is) week four
Friday (in Chinese is) week five
Saturday (in Chinese is) week six
Sunday is 星期日xīngqī rì week sun in Chinese.
Please speak after me from Monday to Sunday.
The following time words can also be useful when we want to make conversation.
When we read out the time.
Place点 diǎn o’clock after a number to tell the following times:
one o’clock two o’clock ten o’clock twelve o’clock
Please remember the Chinese sequence of time: year, month, date, day, part of day, hour, minutes…
shàngwǔ qī diǎn
morning 7 o’clock
7 o’clock in the morning (7 a.m.)
When it comes to telling the time 半 means half an hour.
Try to work out the meanings of the following sentences.
a. 这 个 地方 是北京。
zhè ge dìfang shì Běijīng
this GE place is Beijing
b. 那 个 地方 是 什么 地方？
nà ge dìfang shì shenme dìfang
that GE place is what place
We have learned 你好 hello. Here, the word 好means OK
Let’s talk to a Chinese friend called Wang Qiang on the phone.
a. 喂，我 是 彼得。王 强 先生 在 吗？
wéi, wǒ shì Bǐdé. Wáng Qiáng xiānsheng zài ma
hi, I am Peter. Wang Qiang Mr is in MA
Hello, this is Peter. Is Mr. Wang Qiang there?
b. 在。我 就 是 王 强。 彼得，你 有 什么 事？
zài, wǒ jiù shi Wáng Qiáng Bĭdé nǐ yǒu shénme shì ？
yes I just am Wang Qiang Peter you have what matter
Yes, speaking. Hi, Peter, what’s up?
a. 我 想 请 你 吃 饭。
wǒ xiǎng qǐng nǐ chī fàn
I want invite you eat meal
I would like to invite you for a meal.
b. 太 好 了！ 什么 时候？
tài hǎo le! shénme shíhou
too good LE! what time
a. 下 星期 三 晚 上 七 点 半。
xià xīngqī sān wǎnshang qī diǎn bàn
next week three evening seven o’clock half
7.30 next Wednesday evening.
b. 在 什 么 地方？
zài shénme dìfang
Be at what place
a. 北京 饭店。
b. 好， 谢谢， 再见！
hǎo, xièxie, zàijiàn
good, thanks, goodbye
OK, thanks, bye!
1. Try to practise the following words.
先生 Mr 下 next 星期 week 在 to be in, on at…
再见 goodbye 什么 what 事 matter 是 to be 时候 time
2. Invite your friends to have dinner or to do something with you.
3. Say from Monday to Sunday in Chinese.
4. Tell your classmates what you are going to do from Monday to Sunday.
Part one: new words
Part two: expressions
Part three: telephone conversation
Part four: supplementary words