Which lesson are we on
We are on Lesson Ten. Can you say “Lesson Ten” in Chinese? We have learned the number word十ten, but we will need to use the prefix in order to change the number word into an ordinal number as 第十tenth.
Let’s practise the following.
第一 dìyī first; 第二 dìèr second; 第三 dìsān third; 第十三dìshísān thirteenth and 第八十 dìbāshí eightieth.
课kè lesson, is placed after a number such as 第十 dìshí. So Lesson Ten is 第十课 dìshíkè. Now say the following in Chinese.
The first lesson
The second year
The third day
The twelfth family
The 30th class
When今天today is used as a time word, it should be placed before a verb.
Let’s learn more new words for today’s dialogue.
This question word is formed by two elements: 为 for and什么what.
It is followed by a clause which indicates the reason for an action.
It is a negation which is followed by有, as we learned in Lesson Three. 没 can also be followed by verbs of action in order to indicate that an action did not take place. In the dialogue 没来 means did not come.
When不 not precedes a verb, it refers to a regular negative action or to an action which is not going to take place, as in他不吃饭 he not eat meal/rice he doesn’t eat rice, or, he is not going to eat the meal. 他没吃饭 he did not eat meal/rice he didn’t eat the meal/rice.
This particle implies a change of state and is placed at the end of a sentence. For instance, 病了to be ill,了LE implies that a person was healthy, but now he is ill. 了 LE is pronounced in the neutral tone.
好了 well LE in the dialogue means that now the person is better.
An interjection which implies that the speaker has suddenly realised something.
Lets read out the following dialogue.
a. 今天 我们 学习 第 几 课？
jīntiān wǒmen xuéxí dì jǐ kè ？
today we study DI which lesson
Which lesson are we going to study today?
b. 第十 课。 你 为 什么 不 知道？ 昨天 没 来 吧？
dìshíkè. nǐ wèishénme bù zhīdào? zuótiān méi lái ba?
DI 10 lesson you why not know yesterday did not come BA
Lesson 10. How come you don’t know? Didn’t you come yesterday?
a. 对， 昨天 我 没 来。
duì， zuótiān wǒ méi lái 。
correct yesterday I did not come
No. I didn’t come yesterday.
b. 为 什么 没 来？
wèishénme méi lái？
why not come
Why didn’t you come?
a. 因为 我 病 了。
yīnwèi wǒ bìngle 。
because I ill LE
Because I was ill.
b. 哦。现在 好 了 吗？
ò。xiànzài hǎole ma ？
oh now well LE MA
Are you better now?
a. 好 了。
Yes. I am.
Let’s read the above dialogue again, and translate it into English. OK, let’s answer the following questions in Chinese.
为什么 A 问 B 今天 我们 学习 第 几 课？
wèishénme A wèn B jīntiān wǒmen xuéxí dì jǐ kè
why A ask B today we study DI which lesson
昨天 为什么 没 来？
zuótiān wèishénme méi lái？
yesterday why did not come
现在 好 了 吗？
xiànzài hǎole ma ？
now well LE MA
昨天 他们 学习 第 几 课？
zuótiān tāmen xuéxí dì jǐ kè？
yesterday they study DI which lesson
Read the following supplementary words after me.
1. 明天 míngtiān tomorrow day tomorrow
2. 后天 hòutiān after day the day after tomorrow
3. 前天 qiántiān before day the day before yesterday
4. 上课 shàngkè attend class to attend class
5. 回答 huídá return answer to answer
1. Listen to the dialogue as many times as possible and pay attention to the tones
and to words such as 今天 jīntiān today, 知道zhīdào know,为什么 wèishénme why and 现在xiànzài now.
2. Make up some questions using the question word 为什么 wèishénme why.
Part one: new words
Part two: expressions
Part three: conversation
Part four: supplementary words