The adverbs jiù and cái


Translate the following sentences into Chinese

  1. It took me three hours to find (找到) the dormitory my classmates were staying in.
  2. It only took Xiao Ding half an hour to make a table’s worth of Chinese pastries.
  3. It took Ding Yun as long as two hours to swim from the institute to Palanka’s home.
  4. It took me a long time to work out (understand 看懂) the meaning of this sentence.















The uses of question words with dou and ye

  1. My classmate is a very good student. She can answer(回答) any questions that her teacher asks her.

  2. I’ve been looking everywhere, but I can’t find my books.

  3. As I don’t have my books, I won’t be able to do any exercises.

  4. These are very easy exercises. You don’t need your books. Anyone can do them.

  5. Xiao Li drinks any alcohol, but he doesn’t eat anything, so his girlfriend is extremely worried.

  6. When I am doing my language work, I don’t talk to anyone.

























The lián…yě construction

  1. Look, the houses are really cheap to buy here. Even students can afford (买得起)them.

  2. In the last few days we’ve been very busy. We haven’t even had time to go to the cinema.

  3. When Ding Yun heard that her mother was ill, she was so worried that she didn’t sleep for two days.

  4. I don’t eat any foreign food. I won’t even eat the most expensive one.

  5. Your friend is really nice to you. Look, she has even washed all your clothes for you.

  6. This is a very easy question. Even the worst students can answer it. 



















The complement degree construction

Translate the following sentences into Chinese

1.      Ding Yung speaks English well, but she doesn’t translate things well.

2.      As (因为) my parents are coming to see me on Sunday, I tidied up my room very well this morning.

3.      My classmates always do their assignments (课外作业) very carefully.

4.      When Gubo heard that his girlfriend was coming to see him, he was so happy that he smiled for two days.

5.      What is Palanka’s singing like? Terrible!

6.      I didn’t sleep well last night. Did you? I slept very well.














The use of the adverbial


Translate the following sentences into Chinese

  1. Please say quickly what you did with Ding Yun yesterday.

  2. Yesterday evening Ding Yun very seriously sang two Chinese folk songs for her classmates, but she sounded awful.

  3. She very quickly finished her dinner and went out (出去) immediately.

  4. Yesterday he didn't do his language exercises very carefully.

  5.  Mr Li always works hard. Yesterday, stroke by stroke, he taught me all the Chinese characters in Lesson 15.

  6.  One by one Xiao Wang showed me all the books that he bought from the Chinese bookshop a week ago.











Resultative Verb Complements

Translate the following sentences into Chinese

1.      You have written that character wrongly. There is a stroke missing (lack of one stroke) here!

2.      This morning Mr Wang didn’t explain the grammar very clearly.

3.      Yesterday, I went to the bookshop and got the hold of the book that you recommended.

4.      I have tidied up the study for my father.

5.      Where is my dictionary? Who has taken it away?

6.      I didn’t get to eat the Chinese food that my younger sister had cooked.

7.      I read your letter, but I couldn’t understand it.

8.      I’ve given your letter to Mr Wang.

9.      We will reach Lesson 40 by the end of this term.

10.  I’ve taken that cup of tea to Mr Wang’s classroom.















The use of and

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1.      Is it far from here to the University Park?

2.      It is a five minute walk from here to the University Park. If (要是) you walk fast, it only takes two minutes.

3.      How long is it from now to the end of the lesson?

4.      There are still ten minutes to go before the end of the lesson.

5.      If I go there from my house how long will it take?


















Directional Verb Complements

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1.      Yesterday morning she ran into the classroom and said that we were having the lesson in the pub.

2.      Could you please go upstairs and see if Xiao Wang is there?

3.      I won’t come in as I have other matters to attend to.

4.      Stay here tonight. Don’t go back.

5.      Please sit down. Don’t stand up.

6.      Put down that book and put on your shirt!

7.      Could you please take this book downstairs to Mr Wang for me?












Potential Verb Complements

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1.      You have given me too much (to eat) and I can’t finish it.

2.      It isn’t much, you can certainly finish it.

3.      Your car is too small: it can’t take six people.

4.      Please could you all stand up, or I won’t be able to fit everyone into the photo.

5.      We are all students and can’t afford to eat out every day.

6.      How many people can this room seat?















Comparatives with stative verbs and complements of degree

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1.      This shirt is much prettier than that one.

2.      He knows much more than you.

3.      I like reading more than you do.

4.      Xiao Wang doesn’t translate the texts as quickly as Ding Yun does.

5.      Ding Yun doesn’t love Gubo as much as Palanka does.

6.      Do you think our teachers are much busier than us?

7.      Yesterday evening I didn’t drink as much beer as you did.

8.      We’ve studied much more than the students at other universities.

9.      You’ve studied much more than the students at other universities, but you don’t study as well as they do.

10.  My home is much further away from the institute than yours, but I always get here earlier than you.















Comparatives with 一样

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1.      These two books are equally difficult.

2.      Xiao Wang doesn’t walk as fast as I do, but he swims as fast as I do.

3.      I like drinking beer as much as you do.

4.      This suit is as big as that one, but is much longer.

5.      Ding Yun studies as conscientiously as Gubo.

6.      Yesterday you ate as much as I did in Palanka’s birthday party.





























The sentence construction

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.


1.      Could you please take the TV upstairs to your room?

2.      The friend who lives in the student dormitory has sent me a hat.

3.      I have to finish writing today’s Chinese language exercises before going to bed. (Try to use .)

4.      Please put the tea on the desk or bring it over here.

5.      You wrote that character wrong.

6.      Can you translate the text into English? (Use to become as a complement.)

7.      You must remember the words that we have learned today.

8.      Could you please drive the car into the car park?

9.      Xiao Wang very carefully (小心地) put the ancient dictionary down on the table and went out.

10.   Xiao Ding borrowed my bike yesterday.

11. We have finished studying Practical Chinese Reader, but we still can't speak Chinese well.

12. He only spent one hour to finish all the questions yesterday.
























Passive with , , and

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.


  1. The letter that I wrote yesterday has been taken away by Xiao Wang.
  2. The poem has been translated into English by the girl who works in the post office.
  3. The bunch of plum blossoms that Ding Yun gave me this morning has been given to Palanka by Gubo.
  4. The use of ‘ba’ has been very clearly explained by our grammar teacher, but we still don’t know how to use it.
  5. The classroom door has been closed by my classmate, Xiao Ding and we can’t get in.
  6. My desk has been neatly tidied up by my roommate.
  7. All the dictionaries have been taken home by Gubo, so we can’t study in the library any more!





























Notional passive (without , , and )

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

  1. Your textbook has been brought here and you can read it out loud for me.
  2. Today’s exercises have been done, so I can go to the pub to have a rest.
  3. It’s too late! All the wine has been drunk, so you won’t get anything to drink.
  4. Meal is prepared. Let’s eat.
  5. The room has been tidied up, but the garden hasn’t been done yet!
  6. The stamps and envelopes have been bought, but there is no letter has been written!
  7. Any thing that I should say has been said, but he still doesn’t listen to me.

















  1. If you work hard, you will achieve a better result.

  2. If you don’t help people, people won’t help you either.

  3. You have to write a lot of Chinese characters everyday, otherwise you will forget them.

  4. Don’t drink any more, otherwise you won’t be able to attend the class this afternoon.

  5. As long as you come to the class everyday, your teacher will like you.

  6. As long as tomorrow is a fine day, we will go to the Summer Palace.

  7. Only when you finish your language exercises, you can eat your supper.

  8. This sentence is too difficult, and only Mr Li can translate it into Chinese.

  9. As Beijing is too far away from here, we will have to go there by plane.

  10. As I don’t have much money, I don’t go to the cinema often.

  11. I’ve not only finished today’s exercises but also I’ve learned all the Chinese characters for this term.

  12. Not only I think that he writes badly, but also his girlfriend says that she can’t understand his writing.

  13. Although it is snowing, everyone has come to the class.

  14. Although the teachers don’t teach well, the students have learned very well.

  15. As soon as I said good bye to my girlfriend, she cried.

  16. As soon as you have arrived in Beijing, you must write to me. Don’t forget!

  17. The more you eat the more you want to eat.

  18. The more expensive the things are, the more I want to buy.

  19. Apart from me everyone went to the Chinese restaurant last night.

  20. Apart from eating Chinese food they also went to the cinema.


















The construction

  1. It was  last October that I went to China .

  2. It was last winter that I came here to visit a factory.

  3. It was my classmate who bought the TV that is in my bedroom.

  4. It was Mr Li who cooked meal today.