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Talks to End U.S.-China Trade War Now Shift to Make-or-Break Rounds

BEIJING — Three days of trade negotiations between midlevel American and Chinese officials ended in Beijing on Wednesday afternoon with progress in identifying and narrowing the two sides’ differences but little sense of when they might reach a deal.

The trade talks could help clear the way for higher-level talks this month when President Trump attends the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. Vice Premier Liu He, China’s economic czar, is expected to go to Washington sometime after that.

In a statement after the talks ended, the United States trade representative’s office said the two sides had discussed China’s pledge to buy a “substantial” amount of American agricultural, energy and manufacturing products.

Negotiators also focused on White House concerns about China’s approach to intellectual property protection and its practice of so-called forced technology transfer, the statement said.
The Trump administration wants to ensure that China keeps its commitments in any deal that is reached. To that end, the statement said, officials discussed “the need for any agreement to provide for complete implementation subject to ongoing verification and effective enforcement.”

China’s Commerce Ministry said in a statement on Thursday morning on its official mini-blogging account that the two sides had “conducted extensive, in-depth and meticulous exchanges on trade issues and structural issues of common concern, which enhanced mutual understanding and laid the foundation for resolving mutual concerns.

“Both parties agreed to continue to maintain close contact,” the statement continued, without specifying when or where the next meeting might be held.

The United States delegation plans to report back to the White House to determine what happens next. The administration has set a March 2 deadline for raising tariffs on roughly two-fifths of annual American imports from China if no deal is reached.

“I’m optimistic that they’re making progress — the tone of the talks is important, and this tone has been good,” said Dean Pinkert, a former commissioner of the United States International Trade Commission who is now a trade law partner at Hughes Hubbard & Reed, a big international law firm. “It is still important to the U.S. government to get credible commitments.”
At issue is the extent to which China is willing to offer binding commitments to change trade practices that have long irked President Trump and his administration.

The scheduled two-day talks extended into a third day as American officials pressed China for more details on how it will live up to its commitments, said people with knowledge of the negotiations, who insisted on anonymity to avoid disrupting the talks.

China has made a series of offers to the Trump administration in recent weeks to end the trade war. But many of the administration’s trade hawks regard them as nebulous, especially when it comes to Chinese trade practices that administration officials consider unfair.