Lesson Thirteen  BA3

The ba3 sentence construction is used to express how one deals with an object. It often has two (direct and indirect) objects that are shared by one verb.

Originally  ba3 is a verb . It means to grip. The construction is based on a sequence of actions. For example, put the cup on the table, in Chinese it will be

bǎ bēizi fàngzài zhōuzi shàng  Play Media

grip cup  put  on  table     top."

Ba3 sentences have verbs that need other elements, such as resultative (ting1 dong3: listen understand), directional (na jinqu to take sth in).

There are two Chinese words that are used as "to" in the following sentences. To a person: is gei3 and to a place is dao4.


Niúwěi yǐjīng huài le ma?  Play Media

oxtail already bad LE MA

Has the oxtail gone bad?


Wǒ bǎ  niúwěi fàngzài bīngxiāng lǐ       le.  Play Media

I     BA oxtail   put in  icebox      inside LE

I've the oxtail in the fridge.


Méiyou huài.  Play Media

not       bad

It didn't go bad.


Qǐng nǐ bǎ xìn jì dào Zhōngguó qù.  Play Media

please you BA letter post to  China go.

Please post this letter to China.


Nǐ bǎ chá nágěi Vica.  Play Media

you BA tea take to Vica

Take the tea to Vica.


Wǒ bǎ   fàn   fàng zài zhōuzi shàng le  Play Media

I      BA meal put  on  table   top LE

I've put the meal on the table.


Tā bǎ zhè ge lǐwù sònggěi wǒ le.  Play Media

he  BA this GE gift give to me LE.

He has me this present.


Zuótiān    tā  bǎ  chē kāi   dào Yīnggguó qù le  Play Media

yesterday he BA car drive to    UK          go LE

He drove the car to the UK yesterday.