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A B C D F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T W X Y Z

A

Chinese

Pinyin

Used as

English

Full-form

Lesson

安定

āndng

V

to settle down

 

2

安静

ānjng

ADJ

quiet

 

1

安排

ānpi

V/N

to organize, organization

 

4

B

百分之百

băifēnzhībăi

ADV

a hundred per cent, absolutely

 

4

办法

bnfă

N

way (of doing sth.), method

2

bāng

MW

a gang of...

2

bng

N

pound sterling 

6

保护

băoh

V

to protect

3

报告

bogo

N

report

4

bn

SV

to be stupid     

 

2

本事

bĕnsh

N

skill

 

3

bng

V

(neg.) don't

 

4

比较起来

bĭjio qĭli

ADV

comparatively speaking

,

1

毕业

by

V

to graduate

畢 業

4

bin

V

to change

3

标准

biāozhŭn

ADJ

standard, correct

2

不顾

bg

V

to have no regard for

3

不管

bguăn

ADV

no matter...

 

1

V不   

V bqĭ

PVC

can't afford to

 

1

不像话

bxing hu

SV

outrageous

3

不像样子

bxing yngzi

SV

outrageous

3

不在乎

b zihu

EXP

not to mind, not to care

 

1

不三不四

bsān bs

SV

shady, dubious

 

3

不闻不问

bwn bwn

SV

to show no interest in sth.

,

4

C

长远

chngyuăn

N

long term

3

chāo

V

to copy (by writing)

 

5

chăo

V

to make trouble, to wrangle, to argue, to make a  noise

 

2

陈列

chnli

V

to display

1

成千上万

chngqiān shngwn

SV

very many, hundreds and thousands 

3

吃饱

chībăo

RVC

to eat one's fill

1

吃醋

chī c

V-O    

to be jealous (Lit. eat vinegar)

 

2

吃苦

chī kŭ

V-O    

to bear hardships

 

4

迟到

chdo

V

to be late

1

chu

SV/ADJ

to be smelly

 

3

出境

chū jng 

V-O

to leave the country

 

1

出钱

chū qin

V-O    

to contribute money

 

6

出租车

chūzūchē

N

taxi (PRC)

1

处理

chŭlĭ

V

to deal with, handle

3

传统

chuntŏng

N

tradition

傳 統

4

吹了

chuīle

EXP

end of a relationship

 

4

()

chuī (d)ni

V-O

to boast, to chat

 

2

c

N

words

1

雌老虎

cĭlăohŭ 

N

female tiger (a fierce woman)           

 

2

凑热闹

cu rno 

V-O    

to add trouble to, to join in the fun

2

寸步难行

cnb nnxng

EXP

to be unable to do anything

5

D

打扮

dăbn

V

to dress up, to make up

 

3

打招呼

dă zhāohu  

V-O            

to let sb. know, to greet

 

4

大不了

dbuliăo

EXP (PVC)

not important, so what 

 

1

大陆

dl

N

continent

1

打字

dă z

V-O    

to type

 

2

dăi

V

to catch

 

2

带头

di tu

V-O    

to take the lead

2

当地

dāngd

N

local

1

到处

doch

N

everywhere

1

道理

dolĭ

N

reason, logic

 

4

到时

dosh

TW

when the time comes

1

SV

to be low

 

6

的确

dqu

ADV

indeed, really

2

敌人

drn

N

enemy

2

的士

dīsh

N

taxi (H.K.)       

 

1

典型

diănxng

N

typical

 

4

电器

dinq

N

electrical equipment

1

丢失

diūshī

V

to lose

 

1

独立

dl

ADJ, N, ADV

to be independent, independently

1

肚子

dzi

N

stomach

 

2

对付

dufu

V

to cope with, to deal with

2

...有兴趣

duyŏuxngqu

EXP

to be interested in

,

2

dn

MW

MW (for meals)

3

多着呢

duōzhene

SV

very many, very much

1

F

发达

fād

SV/ADJ

developed

3

发牢骚

fā losāo

V-O    

to make a complaint

,

3

发脾气

fā pq

V-O    

to lose one's temper

,

3

发笑

fā xio

V-O    

to laugh

3

发展中国家

fāzhănzhōng gujiā  

N

developing countries

,

5

făn

V

to return

 

2

繁体字

făntĭz

N

full form characters

5

饭桶

fntŏng

N

useless person

5

反复无常

fănfwchng

SV

to be changeable

,

4

方面

fāngmin

N

aspect

 

4

房租

fngzū

N

house rent

 

1

费口舌

fi kŏush

V-O    

to waste energy on arguing

 

2

费事

fi sh

V-O

to be troublesome

2

服从

fcng

V

to obey

4

富人

frn

N

rich people

 

2

复杂

fz

SV

to be complicated

複 雜

5

G

改革

găig

V

to reform

 

1

găn

MV

to dare

 

4

găn

V

to rush, to catch up with, to catch (a train, plane...)

3

干脆

gāncu

ADV

simply, might as well

6

干燥

gānzo

SV

to be dry

5

干活

gn hu

V-O

to do (physical) work 

3

高级

gāoj

SV

high standard

1

各自

gz

N

each individual

 

5

根本

gēnbĕn

ADV

(not) at all [followed by neg.]

 

3

根深蒂固

gēnshēn dg

ADJ/SV

deep-rooted

 

3

公安局

gōngānj

N

police station (mainland China)

 

1

宫殿

gōngdin

N

palace

 

1

功课

gōngk

N

(written) exercises

4

共产党

gngchăn dăng

N

communist party

,

4

gŏu

N

dog

 

6

g

V

to care (顾不上  Can't be bothered)

4

馆子

guănzi

N

restaurant

2

gun

V

to get used to

2

灌醉

gunzu

RVC

to get sb. drunk

 

2

guāng

ADV

only, just

 

3

广

guăng

SV

to be wide

4

广东

guăngdōng

N

Guangdong

6

鬼混

guĭhn

V

to fool around  

 

3

规模

guīm

N

scale, size

 

过分

gufn

SV

to be excessive

3

H

航班

hngbān

N

flights

 

4

海关

hăiguān

N

customs

1

毫无

how

V (NEG)

not have at all

 

3

好处

hăoch

N

advantage

1

合不来

hbuli

PVC

to be unable to get on

2

合理

hlĭ

ADJ

logical, reasonable

 

4

胡扯

hchĕ

V

to talk nonsense

 

5

胡说八道

hshuō bādo

V/ADJ

to speak nonsense

3

胡思乱想

hsī lunxiăng

V

to imagine things

2

糊涂

htu

ADJ/SV

muddled

 

3

花岗岩

huāgăngyn

N

granite

2

挥霍浪费

huīhu lngfi

SV

to be wasteful

,

5

活动

hudng

N

activities

4

活泼

hupo

SV/ADJ/ADV

lively

3

J

及格

jg

V

to pass (tests)  

 

5

机器

jīq

N

machine

2

计程车

jchngchē

N

taxi (ROC) 

,

1

家常便饭

jiāchng binfn

EXP

common occurrence; simple meal

 

2

家家户户

jiājiā hh

N

every family

 

4

家庭

jiātng

N

family, household

 

2

简单

jiăndān

ADJ

simple

簡 單

1

减肥

jiănfi

V-O    

to lose weight

 

3

艰苦朴素

jiānkŭ pŭs

SV

hard working and plain living

,

4

简直

jiănzh

ADV

simply

3

讲究

jiăngjiu

MV

to be particular about

3

奖学金

jiăngxujīn

N

scholarship

,

4

讲义气

jiăng yq

V-O    

to have personal loyalty

4

教材

jioci

N

teaching material

 

5

结果

jiguŏ

N

result

4

解释

jiĕsh

V

to explain

4

借口

jikŏu

N

excuse

 

4

紧张

jĭnzhāng

ADJ

tense

緊 張

1

jn

V

to ban, prohibit

 

4

经过

jīnggu

N

a process from beginning to end

1

精力

jīngl

N

energy, effort

 

2

酒鬼

jiŭguĭ

N

drunkard, alcoholic

 

1

酒肉朋友

jiŭru pngyou

N

fair-weather friends

 

2

久闻大名

jiŭwn dmng

EXP

a polite way of saying that one has heard tell of sb. for a long time

5

角色

jus

N

character, role

 

1

K

开除

kāich

V

to expel

3

开放

kāifng

V

to open up (Chinese open-door policy)

3

开不起玩笑

kāibuqĭ wnxio

EXP

to be unable to take a joke

 

2

看白戏

knbix

V-O    

to look on, unconcerned

3

看不惯

knbugun

PVC

to take a dim view of 

1

看得起

kndeqĭ

PVC

to think highly of sb. 看不起is similar to 小看 (to look down on sb)

 

2

看人挑担不吃力

knrn tiāodn bchīl

EXP

it's easy to watch other people doing things

5

烤鸭

kăoyā

N

Peking Duck

2

ko

V

to rely on

 

3

kĕn

MV

to be willing to...          

 

2

口气

kŏuq

N

tone of voice

3

哭笑不得

kūxio bd

EXP (PVC)

not know whether to laugh or cry

 

3

夸张

kuāzhāng

SV/ ADV

exaggerated

3

旷课

kung k

V-O    

to miss a class (without a reason)

3

困难

knnan

SV/N

difficult, difficulty

1

L

拉长脸

lā chngliăn

V-O

to pull a long face

4

来得及

lidj  

PVC

to be able to do sth. in time

5

lăn

SV

to be lazy

6

浪费

lngfi

V

to waste

3

老百姓

lăobăixng

N

common people

 

4

老式

lăosh

SV

old-fashioned

 

3

老婆

lăop

N

wife (Colloq.)

 

3

老鼠

lăoshŭ

N

mouse

 

2

冷静

lĕngjng

ADJ

calm

 

3

礼拜

lĭbi

N

week. 礼拜天 Sunday

 

2

厉害

lhai

SV

to be strong, formidable

1

利益

ly

N

benefit

 

3

良心

lingxīn

N

conscience

 

5

了不起

liăobuqĭ

EXP

amazing

 

4

聊天

liotiān

V-O    

to have a casual chat

 

1

ln

ADV

just before

6

M

麻烦

mfan

N/V

trouble, to trouble

2

m

V

to tell sb. off

3

没完没了

miwn miliǎo

ADV

endlessly

 

2

满意

măny

SV

to be satisfied  

 

3

满足

mănz

SV/V

to be satisfied

 

2

māo

N

cat

 

6

免得

miănd

V

(so as) to avoid

 

1

面临

minln

V

to face

4

明白

mngbai

V

understand

 

6

名称

mngchēng

N

name (of a thing or organization)    

1

名利

mngl

N

fame and wealth

 

3

名堂

mngtng

N

result, achievement

 

2

目前

mqin

TW

at present        

 

1

N

脑袋

năodi

N

head

2

闹笑话

no xiohu

V-O    

to make a fool of oneself

,

2

内行

nihng

N

expert

 

2

内容

nirng

N

content

 

1

牛津

nijīn

N

Oxford

 

6

牛头不对马嘴

nitu bdu măzuĭ

SV

to be incongruous

, ,

4

nng

ADJ

strong, dense

3

暖气

nuănq

N

heater

4

O

偶然

ŏurn

ADV

occasionally

 

5

P

拍马屁

pāi măp

V-O    

to lick sb.'s boots

4

pi

V

to replace, compensate

2

批评

pīpng

V

to criticise

5

破坏

phui

V/N

to destroy, destruction

3

铺床

pūchung

V-O    

to make beds

5

普通话

pŭtōnghu        

N

Mandarin

1

Q

企业

qĭy

N

enterprise

4

岂有此理

qĭyŏu cĭlĭ

EXP

outrageous

3

其实

qsh

ADV

actually

2

qin

V

owe

 

4

钱财

qinci

N

money

錢 財

3

qing

SV

to be better; strong

 

1

qiăng

V

to rob

3

侵略

qīnl

V/N

to invade, invasion       

 

3

勤奋

qnfn

SV/ ADV

diligent

3

情景

qngjĭng

N

situation

 

3

情况

qngkung

N

situation

 

2

轻松

qīngsōng

SV

relaxed, light

4

穷人

qingrn

N

poor people

2

qun

N

power; rights

3

qun

V

to persuade, urge

2

quē

V

to be absent

 

6

缺席

quēx

V-O

to be absent from a meeting or class

 

4

R

让步

rngb

V

to give in

4

热心人

rxīnrn

N

enthusiastic person

1

认为

rnwi

V

to think, to realise

4

人家

rnjia

N

other people

 

4

人生地不熟

rnshēng dbsh

EXP

to be unfamiliar with both the people and the place

 

5

如果

rguŏ

CONJ

if

 

1

S

上门

shng mn

V-O

to go to sb.'s doorstep

6

上升

shngshēng

V

to rise

 

1

伤心

shāngxīn

V-O    

to be sad

5

摄像机

shxingjī

N

video camera

,

1

深夜

shēny

N

late at night

 

3

生活

shēnghu

N/V

life, live

 

6

生气

shēngq

V-O    

to get angry

2

shĕng

V

to save (money, time)

 

4

省事

shĕng sh

V-O    

to save trouble

 

5

失业

shī y

V-O    

to lose one's job (to be unemployed)

6

实际

shj

SV

to be practical  

6

实在

shzi

ADV

really, indeed

1

时髦

shmo

ADJ

fashionable

3

事故

shg

N

accident

 

1

势利

shl

SV

to be snobbish

1

食品

shpĭn

N

foodstuff          

 

1

事先

shxiān

ADV

in advance

 

2

受害者

shuhizhĕ

N

victim

 

1

受欢迎

shu huānyng

V-O

to be popular

1

受气

shu q

V-O    

to be bullied, to be  humiliated

 

1

蔬菜

shūci

N

vegetable

 

1

熟悉

shxi

V

to be familiar with

 

2

耍小孩气

shuă xiăohiq

V-O    

to be childish

4

水平

shuĭpng

N

level, standard 

 

3

水果

shuĭguŏ

N

fruit

 

1

说不过

shuōbugu

PVC

to be unable to win sb. over by arguing. V.不过: to be unable to win sb. over by ... 

,

2

说到

shuōdo

RVC

talking about

1

说法

shuōfă

N

opinion

3

说服

shuō(shu)f     

V

to persuade

5

说谎

shuō huăng

V-O    

to tell a lie

2

思考

sīkăo

V

to think

 

1

算了

sunle

EXP

come off it, forget it

 

2

随便

subin

ADV

in any way one likes

1

随身听

sushēntīng

N

walkman

,

1

T

tng

MW

times: once, twice (similar to.)

 

2

台湾

tiwān

N

Taiwan

6

讨论

tăoln

V

to discuss

4

掏腰包

tāo yāobāo

V-O

to dig in one's pocket

 

5

特别

tbi

ADV

specially

 

1

天才

tiānci

N

talent, gift

 

2

天真

tiānzhēn

ADJ

naive, innocent

 

3

tiāo

V

to choose, select

 

3

通知

tōngzhī

V

to inform

 

4

痛快

tngkui

SV/N

joyful, to one's great satisfaction, joy

 

3

tōu

V

to steal

 

3

头头是道

tutu shdo

SV

to be clear and logical

4

头绪

tux

N

main threads in a complicated affair

2

推磨

tuī m

V-O    

to grind the mill

 

3

tūn

V

to swallow

 

3

W

顽固分子

wng fnzi

N

die-hard

3

为难

winn

V

to make sb.'s life difficult

為 難

5

为人

wirn

N

behaviour

3

味道

wido

N

taste, flavour

 

3

胃口

wikŏu

N

appetite

 

2

危险

wēixiăn

N/SV

danger, dangerous

6

文明

wnmng

N

civilization

 

3

无法无天

wfă wtiān

SV

run wild, become absolutely lawless

3

物价

wji

N

price

1

无论如何

wln rh

ADV

no matter what

2

X

x

N

play

2

稀奇

xīq

SV

special, strange

 

2

瞎子点灯白费蜡

xiāzi diăndēng bifil

EXP

a waste of effort

點 燈,

5

xin

SV/

ADV

slack(ly)

5

xin

V

to mind, to dislike

 

2

咸淡

xindn

N

taste (of food)

5

相当

xiāngdāng

ADV

rather, quite, considerably, very

2

相信

xiāngxn

V

to believe         

 

2

香港

Xiānggăng

N

Hong Kong

 

1

享受

xiăngshu

N/V    

enjoyment

 

4

下工夫

xi gōngfu

V-O

to be diligent, (lit. spend time)

 

2

销路

xiāol

N

sale, market

4

消息

xiāoxi

N

information

 

4

小伙子

xiǎo hŏuzi

N

lad, young fellow

 

3

小看

xiăokn

V

to look down on

 

2

小气

xiăoq

SV

to be stingy

2

xio

V/N

filial piety

 

3

心不在焉

xīnbuziyān

SV

to be not with it

 

4

需要

xūyo

V

to need

 

4

许多

xŭduō

ADJ

many, much

6

许可

xŭkĕ

N

permit

4

选择

xuănz

V/N    

to choose, choice

選 擇

4

Y

眼开眼闭

yănkāi yănb

EXP

one eye open, one eye closed

,

4

眼光

yănguāng

N

vision, foresight

 

3

眼看

yănkn

ADV

soon

 

3

要求

yāoqi

V/N

to demand, to require; requirement

 

4

()要命

(de)yomng

ADV

extremely (used in complement of degree)

 

4

要事

yosh

N

important matter

 

4

一会儿... 

yhur

CONJ

one moment...   and next moment...        

 

2

一门心思

ymn xīnsī

ADV

single-mindedly

6

一时

ysh

ADV

temporarily, for a short while

3

一心一意

yxīn yy          

ADV

whole heartedly

 

3

一直

yzh

ADV

always, all the time

 

1

以为

yĭwi

V

to think (mistakenly)

1

yīn

SV

overcast

1

硬说

yng shuō

ADV+V

to insist on saying

1

用功

ynggōng

SV/ ADV

diligent(in studying)

 

1

yŏu sh  

V-O    

to have power

 

4

缘故

yung

N

cause, reason

4

Z

糟糕

zāogāo

SV

terrible (Colloq.)

 

3

zāo

SV

to be chaotic    

 

2

占便宜

zhn piny

V-O

to gain advantage

 

4

着想

zhoxiăng

V

to consider (sb/ sth.)

 

3

照顾

zhog

V

to take care of

4

真正

zhēnzhng

ADJ

real

 

2

政策

zhngc

N

policy

 

3

政府

zhngfŭ

N

government

 

3

正好

zhnghăo

ADV

just right

 

5

证明

zhngmng

V

to prove, testify

1

政治

zhngzh

N

politics

 

4

zh

V

to cure

 

3

至少

zhshăo

ADV

at (the) least

 

1

主动

zhŭdng

SV/

ADV

to take the initiative

6

专家

zhuānjiā

N

expert

2

赚钱

zhun qin

V-O    

to make money

6

撞车

zhung chē

V-O

train or car crash

1

资格

zīg

N

qualifications, rights

4

自暴自弃

zbo zq         

SV

to be backward and have no urge to make progress

3

自觉

zju

SV/ADV

willing(ly)

4

自由

zyu

SV/N

free, freedom

 

4

总之

zŏngzhī

ADV

in brief

4

走极端

zŏu jduān

V-O    

to go to extremes

4

尊敬

zūnjng

V

to respect

 

3