FDTL 46/99

Chinese language skills for Britain: Disseminating Best Practice

Sentence Patterns - Reading Week 5

xìng   NATURE OF...  (5)

The use of is often seen in formal written Chinese. can change a stative verb into a noun, and can also change a noun into an attributive adjective. 重要 to be important is a stative verb. If it is followed by , then it becomes a noun 重要 importance. 历史 means history, and 历史 means historic.

重要 used as a stative verb



this JIAN matter

very important

This matter is very important.

重要 used as a noun

这件事     的重要


This jian matter de importance 

is what

What is the importance of this matter?

历史 used as a noun



is history

This is history.

历史used as an adjective



is   historic      de  reform

This is a historic reform.

jìnxíng TO CARRY OUT (5)

This sentence pattern is frequently used in newspapers. The nouns preceded by are used as verbs in sentences: words such as to discuss and discussion, to develop and development, to negotiate and negotiation are often seen after the verb . When you learn a new word which is preceded by , you should remember it as a phrase: for example:



Carry out negotiations



Carry out developments

…fŏu …: 是否/能否 ... WHETHER... OR NOT (5)

, and most monosyllabic modal verbs can be placed before to form a choice type expression. For example, 是否 whether ... is... or not, 有否 whether... have... or no, whether... will... or not, whether... should... or not.

这些      学生


 取决于          他们的      学习成绩.

these   students

can or cannot graduate 

depends on       their             study results

Whether these students can graduate or not depends on their academic results.

…fāng … SIDE.  (5)

is placed after a monosyllabic word:


The Western world.

The British side.  

Our side.

The enemy side.


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