FDTL 46/99

Chinese language skills for Britain: Disseminating Best Practice

Sentence Patterns - Reading Week 7

mŏu… CERTAIN… (7)

is used to disguise a real name, as in : although the surname Li is revealed, the given name is hidden. can also be followed by a noun: a certain school, a certain person. 医院 a certain hospital. 

cóng…(V)dào… …(V) … FROM … TO… (7)

This construction is used to indicate a sequence of actions. Like the other co-verb constructions, a  … clause is followed by a main verb clause, in this case (V) .

For instance:



from home

walk to school.

Walk to school from home.

used as a co-verb (7)

A verb in the construction changes the form, situation or direction of the object. A verb in the construction is in complex form. It is usually a verb of method of action plus another element. The elements which can be attached to the main verbs in sentences are:

Resultative complements


应该      力量



should    BA strength

put  on  work  on

Put our energy into our work.

Directional complements




already  BA book

deliver in go  LE

He has already taken the book in.

(complement of degree) constructions

 这个 工作



BA  this GE work   

do   DE   very no good

You didn’t do this job very well.

一下 (or verb)




please you

again    BA this GE  exercise

do  once

Please do this exercise once more.

yīn… BECAUSE (7)

is short for 因为. A 因为 clause is often followed by a 所以 therefore clause. Both and are placed before subjects or verbs in sentences. Aclause is often followed by  a clause. For instance:



所以       被警察      逮捕

           被警察      逮捕

He because use drug 

therefore by police arrested

He was arrested because he had taken drugs.

BE IN, ON, AT (7)

is used in a formal style of writing and is followed by a time word or place. It is similar to . For instance:


3          16日开始。


at  March 16   start

The meeting starts on 16 March.

chūyú…出于 ARISE FROM… (7)

出于 is short for 出自于. It is often placed after a subject and followed by a noun. For instance:

老师         出自于         负责,


teacher arise from responsibility,

so   ask you do this exercise

The teacher feels that it is his responsibility to ask you to do this exercise.

  NAMELY (7)

is used to indicate a detailed or specific explanation. The explanation is placed after

. For instance:


经济        改革       政策         一些   成就。

China’s    reform   policy,  


economic reform policy has LE some success

China’s reform policy, namely the economic reform policy, has had some success.

bèi  used as a passive construction (7)

sentences describe how a particular object (abstract or physical) is dealt with or disposed of by somebody or something. The verbs in these constructions take complicated forms. They are verbs of method of action, plus other elements. Most of the elements attached to the main verbs in sentences are similar to those used in the construction:

Time/action measure: Resultative complements




all by us    put work on LE

We have put all our energy into our work.

Directional complements



already by him deliver in go le

The book has already been taken into (a room) by him.

(complement of degree) constructions



this     job       

by you do DE very no good

This job hasn’t been done very well by you.

一下 (or verb); 三个星期; 一次; 一遍



This exercise

again by you do le once

This exercise has been done once more by you.








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